Mircea Diaconu solicită Comisiei Europene și Consiliului European să garanteze protecția tuturor minorităților din Europa

Europarlamentarul Mircea Diaconu a transmis astăzi președintelui Comisiei Europene, Jean-Claude Juncker, președintelui Consiliului European, Donald Tusk, și prim-vicepreședintelui Frans Timmermans o scrisoare deschisă prin care cere elaborarea unei strategii privind protecția drepturilor minorităților entice din cadrul Uniunii Europene și a comunităților minoritare care trăiesc în țări aflate în vecinătatea UE.

Mircea Diaconu solicită constituirea unui grup de lucru paneuropean pentru drepturile minorităților și alocarea unui buget special pentru protecția acestora prin care să se asigure, între altele, monitorizarea evoluțiilor negative și posibilitatea de a se reacționa la acestea prin măsuri de combatere a propagandei anti-UE.

Europarlamentarul cere, totodată, măsuri pentru introducerea în cadrul Uniunii Europene a unor standarde clare și echitabile privind protecția drepturilor minorităților, care să fie implementate și verificate printr-un mecanism distinct. De asemenea, Mircea Diaconu consideră necesar ca partenerilor din afara UE și, în special, țărilor candidate la admitere să li se solicite să ofere un nivel de protecție a minorităților care să corespundă cerințelor formulate în Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene și în convențiile internaționale privind eliminarea tuturor formelor de discriminare.

Demersul lui Mircea Diaconu are loc la o săptămână după ce, tot printr-o scrisoare deschisă, a solicitat Președintelui Klaus Iohannis și Guvernului României să se implice în rezolvarea problemelor privind încălcarea drepturilor românilor din afara frontierelor, probleme care au fost semnalate de participanții la o audiere publică pe care europarlamentarul a organizat-o la Bruxelles.

Al dumneavoastră,
Mircea Diaconu
Vicepreședinte al Comisiei pentru cultură și educație din Parlamentul European

  • President Juncker, President Tusk,
    • having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union;
    • having regard to the UN International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms
    of Racial Discrimination;
    • having regard to the UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education;
    • having regard to Art. 27, part of international customary law, in the International
    Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
    • whereas all endeavours to reclaim their basic minority rights to assert their identity
    through culture, language and religion, have been conducted by the above
    Romanian speaking minorities in compliance with the Constitution of the host country,
    in a peaceful, democratic and non-separatist spirit, acknowledging the citizenship of
    the host country and all rights, responsibilities and obligation ensued;
    I call on you to urgently propose an EU wide strategy for the protection of minorities
    within the EU, the EU neighbourhood and any EU partner who benefits from the
    support of all our citizens, taking into account:
    • the establishment of a pan-European Working Group on minority rights within the EU
    and the wider European region, comprised of representatives of all ethnic minorities;
    • a new strategy for the protection of Member States’ minorities residing outside of the
    EU borders, in order to allow monitoring and reacting to adverse developments such
    as Ukraine‘s new Education Act adopted on the 5th of September 2017, which
    promises to further decrease the rights of all of Ukraine’s national minorities through
    what could be described as forced assimilation;
    • the further development of the current strategy for combatting anti-EU propaganda
    in the Eastern Neighbourhood, in order to target disinformation campaigns from
    multiple sources not just Russian ones. This includes anti-Romanian and anti-EU
    propaganda in the Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine where Romanians are often
    labelled separatists or pro-Russian, in spite of any evidence thereof. To name just a
    recent incident, citizens of Romania and Moldova were recently banned for 24 hours
    from entering the latter country, which was obviously a violation of the EU-Moldova
    visa regime. The group was on its way to Chișinău to peacefully mark the Centenary
    of the Unification of Romania and Moldova within a cultural manifestation.
    • the introduction of clear and just standards for the protection of minorities in the EU,
    which should be implemented and verified through a distinct mechanism. Romania’s
    current system, designed for ensuring minority rights (freedom to express and promote
    identity, culture, language, religion; an allocated state budget; guaranteed political
    representation), could serve as an excellent starting point.
    • requesting all non-EU partners, and especially candidate countries to offer a similar
    level of protection to their own minorities.
    President Juncker, President Tusk,
    I believe that the current status of the EU as well as the values and principles it is built
    on, not only allow but oblige the European Institutions to take a stand regarding the
    dire situation of these Romanian communities briefly presented above. All the abuses
    and breaches of human rights have been duly documented by our co-nationals and
    all evidence may be consulted in detail upon request.
    In the spirit of an ever closer and wider Union, of an ever closer collaboration and
    friendship among the European peoples, and in order to uphold freedom, unity in
    diversity and reciprocity as core values of our European project, I call on you today to
    take all necessary steps to protect all our minorities outside of the EU, to protect all
    minorities in all partner countries.
    Two worrying concepts still exist at the level of minorities in historical regions and
    even emergent expat communities in the EU: the guilt of having been born
    somewhere and the courage to admit you were born there. In 21st century
    Europe, in 2018, the European Year of Cultural Heritage, when we commemorate
    100 years since the end of WWI, 60 years on from the EU’s founding Treaties,
    there should be no place for such guilt, no need for such courage.
    We await an early, and we trust a favourable reply.
    Yours sincerely,
    Mircea Diaconu
    Vice-President of the Committee on Culture and Education, European Parliament